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Feature of English grammar: weak verbs

First of all, it is necessary to clarify the meaning of the expressions “strong verb” and “weak verb”. A strong verb in translate english to french is one that does the job of building a sentence on its own. He, without the help of other verbs, can turn a statement into a question or a denial. A weak verb is unable to construct a sentence on its own. To do this, he needs the help that the auxiliary verb provides him. (This name is an auxiliary verb, in fact, it has a very precise meaning: it is needed precisely to assist the weak semantic verb in constructing a sentence.)

All Russian verbs are strong. To turn the affirmative statement “She works in the store” into a negative one, no additional verbs are needed, only the particle “not”. Compare: “She doesn’t work in the store” or “She doesn’t work in the store” or “She doesn’t work in the store.” Similarly, no other verbs are needed to ask questions about this statement. Compare: “Does she work in the store” or “Who works in the store?” or “Where does she work?”

Nevertheless, the verbs of modern English and traslate filipino to english, with the exception of only one – the verb to be, are weak. This means that in order to build a sentence in general and questions and negatives in particular, they require auxiliary verbs. Consider the English translation of the above example: She works in a store. You can only ask if she works in a store by using an auxiliary verb in a sentence: Does she work in a store? Similarly, an auxiliary verb is needed to say that she does not work in a store, i.e. construct a negative statement: She doesn’t work in a store.

In Russian, there is only one grammatical construction where an auxiliary verb is used: this is a sentence in the future tense containing an imperfective verb: “She will work in the store after school.” It is precisely such a complex, compound form that the Russian imperfective verb in the future tense has: the auxiliary verb “to be” in the corresponding person and number, plus the infinitive of the semantic verb. And in English, all verbs, with the exception of the verb to be, in all grammatical tenses have a compound form: one or another auxiliary verb plus a semantic verb in the corresponding form is one of the basic rules of the English language that needs to be learned.

It follows that there is no such thing as a “simple verbal predicate” in English. All English predicates are compound: compound verbs or compound nominals. The latter have the following elements: the verb to be plus a nominal member.